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Creating Custom Widgets

The NetlifyCMS exposes a window.CMS global object that you can use to register custom widgets, previews, and editor plugins. The same object is also the default export if you import Netify CMS as an npm module. The available widget extension methods are:

  • registerWidget: registers a custom widget.
  • registerEditorComponent: adds a block component to the Markdown editor.

See also netlify-cms-widget-starter for a starter project to fork.

Writing React Components inline

The registerWidget requires you to provide a React component. If you have a build process in place for your project, it is possible to integrate with this build process.

However, although possible, it may be cumbersome or even impractical to add a React build phase. For this reason, NetlifyCMS exposes two constructs globally to allow you to create components inline: ‘createClass’ and ‘h’ (alias for React.createElement).

registerWidget

Register a custom widget.

// Using global window object
CMS.registerWidget(name, control, [preview]);

// Using npm module import
import CMS from 'netlify-cms';
CMS.registerWidget(name, control, [preview]);

Params:

Param Type Description
name string Widget name, allows this widget to be used via the field widget property in config
control React.Component or string
  • React component that renders the control, receives the following props:
    • value: Current field value
    • onChange: Callback function to update the field value
  • Name of a registered widget whose control should be used (includes built in widgets).
[preview] React.Component, optional Renders the widget preview, receives the following props:
  • value: Current preview value
  • field: Immutable map of current field configuration
  • metadata: Immutable map of any available metadata for the current field
  • getAsset: Function for retrieving an asset url for image/file fields
  • entry: Immutable Map of all entry data
  • fieldsMetaData: Immutable map of metadata from all fields.
  • field: The field type that this widget will be used for.
  • control: A React component that renders the editing interface for this field. Two props will be passed:

    • value: The current value for this field.
    • onChange: Callback function to update the field value.
  • preview (optional): A React component that renders the preview of how the content will look. A value prop will be passed to this component.

Example:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/netlify-cms@^2.0.0/dist/netlify-cms.js"></script>
<script>
var CategoriesControl = createClass({
  handleChange: function(e) {
    this.props.onChange(e.target.value.split(',').map((e) => e.trim()));
  },

  render: function() {
    var value = this.props.value;
    return h('input', { type: 'text', value: value ? value.join(', ') : '', onChange: this.handleChange });
  }
});

var CategoriesPreview = createClass({
  render: function() {
    return h('ul', {},
      this.props.value.map(function(val, index) {
        return h('li', {key: index}, val);
      })
    );
  }
});

CMS.registerWidget('categories', CategoriesControl, CategoriesPreview);
</script>

registerEditorComponent

Register a block level component for the Markdown editor:

CMS.registerEditorComponent(definition)

Params

  • definition: The component definition; must specify: id, label, fields, patterns, fromBlock, toBlock, toPreview

Example:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/netlify-cms@^2.0.0/dist/netlify-cms.js"></script>
<script>
CMS.registerEditorComponent({
  // Internal id of the component
  id: "youtube",
  // Visible label
  label: "Youtube",
  // Fields the user need to fill out when adding an instance of the component
  fields: [{name: 'id', label: 'Youtube Video ID', widget: 'string'}],
  // Pattern to identify a block as being an instance of this component
  pattern: /^youtube (\S+)$/,
  // Function to extract data elements from the regexp match
  fromBlock: function(match) {
    return {
      id: match[1]
    };
  },
  // Function to create a text block from an instance of this component
  toBlock: function(obj) {
    return 'youtube ' + obj.id;
  },
  // Preview output for this component. Can either be a string or a React component
  // (component gives better render performance)
  toPreview: function(obj) {
    return (
      '<img src="http://img.youtube.com/vi/' + obj.id + '/maxresdefault.jpg" alt="Youtube Video"/>'
    );
  }
});
</script>

Result:

youtube-widget

Advanced field validation

All widget fields, including those for built-in widgets, include basic validation capability using the required and pattern options.

With custom widgets, the widget control can also optionally implement an isValid method to perform custom validations, in addition to presence and pattern. The isValid method will be automatically called, and it can return either a boolean value, an object with an error message or a promise. Examples:

Boolean No errors:

  isValid = () => {
    // Do internal validation
    return true;
  };

Existing error:

  isValid = () => {
    // Do internal validation
    return false;
  };

Object with error (useful for returning custom error messages) Existing error:

  isValid = () => {
    // Do internal validation
    return { error: { message: 'Your error message.' } };
  };

Promise You can also return a promise from isValid. While the promise is pending, the widget will be marked as "in error". When the promise resolves, the error is automatically cleared.

  isValid = () => {
    return this.existingPromise;
  };

Note: Do not create a promise inside isValid - isValid is called right before trying to persist. This means that even if a previous promise was already resolved, when the user hits 'save', isValid will be called again. If it returns a new promise, it will be immediately marked as "in error" until the new promise resolves.